Tuesday, May 27, 2014

The Battle of Kalisz, 13th February 1813

The main bulk of the French troops, commanded by Prince Eugene de Beauharnais, was concentrated near Poznan to the west of the Vistula River, while the VII Saxon Corps was marching to the town of Kalisz ... The shortest route to Silesia led through the city of Kalisz, one of the biggest cities in the Duchy of Warsaw. On the evening of the 12th of February 1813 Kalisz was occupied by the Saxon Corps, led by General Reynier.

VII Corps (elements)

General of Division Durutte

Brigade (-von Steindel)
Saxon Grenadier Battalion von Liebenau

Brigade Jarry
1st/132nd Line
2nd/132nd Line
2nd/133rd Line
3rd/133rd Line
6th/5th FA Rgt

Brigade (- Sahr)
Saxon Grenadier Battalion von Spiegel

Brigade General of Brigade Zoltowski (Polish)
1st Bn/ 2nd Infantry Regiment
2nd Bn/ 2nd Infantry Regiment
7th Uhlan Regiment
Cavalry Krakusi

Reserve Artillery Colonel Hoyez
II Foot Battery
IV Foot Battery

II Infantry Corps

Prinz Eugen Wurtemberg

3rd Infantry Division
20th Jager Regiment
Murom Infantry Regiment
Revel Infantry Regiment
Chernikhov Infantry Regiment
Light Battery

4th Infantry Division
4th Jager Regiment
Tobolsk Infantry Regiment
Volhin Infantry Regiment
Kremenchoug Infantry Regiment
Heavy Battery

Cavalry (- Trubetzki)

Prussian (-Upper Silesian Brigade)
Depot/1st Silesian Infantry Regiment
Garrison/1st Silesian Infantry Regiment
Fus. Depot/1st Silesian Infantry Regiment
4/,Depot/Silesian Uhlan Regiment


It was a small game, around 500 figures, so Steve (4th Div + Dragoons) and John (3rd Division + Prussians) were the two Russian commanders, while Ken commanded the French side.

Under the cover of artillery fire John advanced two battalions of infantry to cut off the lone Saxon Grenadier battalion.

The Saxon Grenadier Battalion von Liebenau was what was left of the French Left, after the 3,300 horsemen of General-Lieut. Lanskoi Combined Cavalry Division overran the other battalions of infantry. Ken was able to bring the other Saxon battalion into line and awaited the Russian attack.

A few command rolls later the Russian attack had not made any real headway. Though the French seemed to be very outnumbered at this point. So to buy as much time as he could, Ken kept his troops in a defensive line waiting for the Russian to arrive, while his one battery started pounding the Russian infantry to its front.
Some of the Russian Dragoons arrived, but they had trouble crossing the creek and did not take part in the battle. So it was left to the Russian infantry to decide the battle. And just as the russians right was beggining to press the French left, the first of the Polish reserves arrived. 

However none of the artillery reserve had arived, and when the large heavy 12lb battery open up at effective range, as well as being back up by some desolutory musket fire, the lone French foot battery was soon put out of action.

But victory was again delayed as two regiments of polish lancers, along with a battery of French guns arrived to stem the gap created by the loss of a French battalion.
The repreive was only tempory as a polish battalion was charged by the russians and broke. This triggered the retreat of all units back through Kalisz while it was still in French hands. By not taking the creek crossing and the French holding out for so long, the Russian managed a minor vicotory.

No comments:

Post a Comment